Ankle Fractures and Broken Ankles


  • Ice. To reduce swelling and pain, apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour. Do not put ice directly against the skin.
  • Compression. Wrap the ankle in an elastic bandage or wear a compression stocking to prevent further swelling.
  • Elevation. Keep the foot elevated to reduce the swelling. It should be even with or slightly above the hip level. 

The foot and ankle surgeon will examine the affected limb, touching specific areas to evaluate the injury. In addition, the surgeon may order x-rays and other imaging studies, as necessary.

Treatment of ankle fractures depends upon the type and severity of the injury. Options include:

  • Immobilization. Certain fractures are treated by protecting and restricting the ankle and foot in a cast or splint. This allows the bone to heal.
  • Prescription medications. To help relieve the pain, the foot and ankle surgeon may prescribe pain medications or anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Surgery. For some injuries, surgery is needed to repair the fracture and other related injuries, if present. The foot and ankle surgeon will select the procedure that is appropriate for your injury.

Follow-Up Care
It is important to follow your foot and ankle surgeon’s instructions after treatment. Failure to do so can lead to infection, deformity, arthritis and chronic pain.




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