Spinal Fracture

  Your doctor may prescribe:
  • Brief period of bed rest and a decrease in activity
  • Medication to control the pain
  • Strengthening exercises for your back muscles
  • Back brace

To prevent further bone loss, medications may include:

  • Estrogen/progesterin hormone replacement therapy
  • Bisphosphonates (Fosamax, Actonel, Boniva)
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (Evista)
  • Calcitonin (Miacalcin, Fortical)

If osteoporosis is the cause of your fracture, your doctor may prescribe the following:

  • Vitamin and mineral supplements, especially calcium and vitamin D—Studies indicate that the combination of calcium and vitamin D appear to help bone loss
  • Lifestyle changes to help maintain your bones—may include weight-bearing and resistance exercises for both the upper and lower extremities

If you are diagnosed with a vertebral fracture, follow your doctor's instructions.
Prevention
Building strong bones will help prevent fractures. However, most bone strength is attained by women before they are age 25. That makes maintaining bone density and strength at older ages even more important.

  • Get plenty of weight-bearing exercise. This includes walking, jogging, or certain sports such as tennis.
  • Do resistance exercises for arms and legs. This will help to improve your strength and balance.
  • Get plenty of calcium, vitamin D, and protein in your diet. Talk to your doctor if you think you need supplements.
  • If you have osteoporosis, you should talk to your doctor about treatment options. If you had an early menopause, talk to your doctor about this.
  • Stop smoking. Drink alcohol only in moderation. Moderate alcohol intake is two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women.

Eliminate any obstacles in your house which could cause you to fall. This may include throw rugs or furniture.

 

 

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